RNZAF Aircrew Air Signaller, 1956–1977. Complete two tours with No. 41 Squadron on Bristol Type 170 Freighters based at RAF Changi in Singapore, 1964–1966 and 1969–1971. Flew numerous support flights into Vietnam (Saigon, Vung Tau, Nui Dat, Qui Nhon, Bong Song) and Cambodia (Phnom Penh).
Vietnam War Oral History Project interviewee. Interview and transcript held in the Alexander Turnbull Library Oral History and Sound collection in Wellington, New Zealand. Reference: OHInt-0959-55